June is a time when most Florida gardeners take a break from vegetable gardening as the extreme heat makes it difficult for plants and humans to function properly in the landscape.
Spend this month monitoring your water levels, improving your soil, and keeping the pests in check.
Check your irrigation
Make sure your irrigation is ready to run and don’t forget to shut it off when it rains. Remember, overwatering is the number one cause of plant death.
Water conservation is a good practice. Know and heed the watering restrictions in your area.
Follow local fertilizer restrictions
There is a fertilizer ban in Brevard County from June through September.
Instead of using commercial fertilizers, create your own organic matter by composting your fruit and vegetable salvage, eggshells, coffee grinds, and yard trimmings.
Compost creates long-term nutritional benefits for your lawn and garden.
Water early in the morning
It is best to water your plants in the morning, to prepare them for the day before it gets too hot.
Keep an eye out for pests
Bugs love this hot and humid weather, so be sure to walk through your garden regularly and check for insect and disease damage.
If you regularly pick pests off by hand and dispose of them, you will likely prevent infestations before it becomes a problem!
There are many beneficial insects, so be sure to know your insects before spraying.
Mulch your gardens
Regular mulching is one of the best ways to improve the soil. A layer of 2 to 3 inches of sustainable mulch or chop + drop will keep moisture in and weeds out.
Over time, this mulch will be consumed by the beneficial organisms in the soil and turned into nutrient-rich fertilizer for your plants.
Lightly prune trees and shrubs
Now is a good time to prune dead and weak branches from your trees and shrubs to prevent damage during high winds.
Container gardens require a little more care during the summertime. Herbs and vegetables are best grown in pots this time of year since you can regulate the amount of water and sun they get.
Annuals + Perennials to plant now
- bush daisies
- Dahlberg daisies
- dune sunflowers
- gazania daisies
Herbs + Vegetables to plant now
- black-eyed peas
- cherry tomatoes
- lavender, french
- lemon balm